• Spain has complied with its 2011/2012 interim target and the 2011 NREAP target. Spain’s revised NREAP published in 2011 sets the 2020 overall target share at 20.8%, lower than the original NREAP’s target of 22.7%, but still higher than the binding minimum of 20% set in the Directive.
• Compared to the average of the previous six years, growth between 2010 and 2011 slowed down in the electricity sector.
• 2010-2011 growth rates are more than twice what would be necessary to achieve the 2020 target if they were to be maintained.
Source: Fraunhofer ISI (based on Eurostat and other sources)
To access more detailed information on the deviationsof each EU Member State from its indicative trajectory, please visit the Keep on Track! 2010 overall RES share 2011 Overall RES share 2011/2012 interim target set by RES Directive 2011 RES Share compared to 2020 Target in Sectoral Gross Final Energy Demand 2011 RES-E share 2020 NREAP RES-E target 2011 RES-H share 2020 NREAP RES-H target 2011 actual share of RES in sectoral gross final energy demand 2011/2012 interim target set by RES Directive Percentage of sector consumption in total final energy consumption in 2011 Deviation [%] of actual from planned share in 2011 2010-2011 RES Growth rates vs. Average Annual Growth rates Required to meet the 2020 Target In January 2012, FIT pre-allocation procedures were suspended RES-E installations
and economic incentives for new capacities involving CHP, all The Law on fiscal measures enacted in 2013 foresees a new retrospective tax of 7% on the sale of electricity for conventional and RES technologies for both new and existing installations.
At the end of 2010, several retrospective remuneration cuts were introduced: change of bonus-malus system for retrospective power, reduction of the remuneration period for PV, annual limitation of production hours for wind, CSP and PV. The tariff deficit first appeared in 2002 and has continued growing Spread
ever since. The tariff deficit ultimately provoked both the RES moratorium and new retrospective fiscal measures.
Huge overcapacity in the electricity market is an overarching barrier with consequences similar to the tariff deficit.
Biomass heat in Spain remains far behind its potential, strongly Most applications for grants can only be submitted in a short period of time once a year (often only 4 weeks) and the submission dates The planned RES-H&C incentive ICAREN was not introduced Severity
in 2011. The new Government does not seem interested in for RES-H&C
introducing ICAREN or something comparable anymore.
Due to the crisis in the housing sector, the number of new for RES-H&C
buildings annually constructed dropped from 615,000 in 2008 to just around 150,000 in 2011. This has had an impact on the number Spread
Main barriers: lack of control of compliance for specific RES installations with the minimum standards, lack of an obligation to install solar thermal energy metres, lack of certification control of Massive imports of biodiesel originating in Argentina and Indonesia are flooding the Spanish market, negatively affecting the Spanish Obligation that all petrol stations offer “protection grade petrol” undermines development and consumption of E10.
Tax incentives for biofuels were abolished in 2012. Therefore, the price of fuels containing biofuels has increased, especially B30, B100, E85, affecting their consumption.
Lack of authorisation by the EC hinders direct blends of petrol with bioethanol in the summer period in Spain, leading to a decrease in Spread
Biofuels from non-agricultural sources shall be produced twice as much as regular biofuels. This EU provision was transposed into Spanish legislation but not implemented.
Severity: 1 – almost negligible effects, 2 – minor effects, 3 –moderate effects, 4 – substantial effects, 5 – severe effects
Spread: 1 – impacts sporadic installations, 2 – affects a small fraction, 3 – affects a moderate share, 4 – affects a predominant share, 5 – concerns almost all installations
• Due to the economic crisis, electricity demand dropped to wholesale electricity market price plus a green premium). It 2006 levels, thereby increasing overcapacity in the Spanish removed the indexation of RES-E remuneration to inflation electricity market. This led to strong competition between RES making the existing feed-in tariff a degressive one. In January electricity producers and gas-fired combined cycle plants. 2013, a new law established a tax, with a flat rate of 7%, on electricity sales applying to new and existing instal ations. In • Another consequence of the crisis in Spain is the re- 2010, retrospective measures were introduced mainly for PV, financing of the tariff deficit (currently about €28 bil ion) leading to revenue losses and law suits against Spain.
which the Government used to justify retrospective cuts and freeze RES-E support. This clearly endangers the fulfilment of • Support for RES-H&C is characterised by too low promotion levels/volumes or even the complete lack of finance, training, qualification and specialisation measures (regarding new • Recent changes to RES-E support chal enged investment instal ation and control of its correct functioning).
security in Spain, leading to the bankruptcy of thousands of smal RES-E projects. Since January 2012, a moratorium • The Spanish biodiesel industry is confronted since 2008 with is in place for al new RES-E instal ations. In February 2013, unfair commercial practices from Argentina and Indonesia. the Spanish Government approved a Royal Decree-Law Furthermore, the Spanish bioethanol industry is confronted which retrospectively abolished one of the two remuneration with blending restrictions undermining the development of options of the Spanish RES-E support scheme based on Royal Decree 661/2007 (enabling a producer to receive the hourly • Remove, as soon as possible, the RES-E moratorium.
• Adopt regulations preventing Argentina and Indonesia • Only apply the planned 7% tax on electricity sales to the earnings achieved through the market price, but not above • Allow the introduction of E10 on the Spanish market and this level. The tax should apply also to other payments for maintain tax incentives for biofuels.
conventional power sources e.g. adjustment services, capacity payments. Additionally, a higher tax for nuclear waste and Mischa Bechberger
• Abolish as soon as possible the 2010 retrospective legal Asociación de Productores de Energías Renovables (APPA) [email protected]+34 93 241 9363 • Adopt a RES Heat Incentive (ICAREN) or a similar operation based RES-H&C support instrument.



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