Summary of ESF-Drexel University Global Humanitarian Mission
The Team comprised of a multidisciplinary group of Family and Psychiatric Nurse
Practitioner, Physician Assistant, Nurses, Medical Doctors and non-medical personnel.
The student and faculty group was led by Dr. Sharon Byrne, Dr. Dorit Breiter and
Ms. Juanita Gardner. The Drexel Administrator was led by Ahaji Schreffler and ESF
Team Leader, Cara Sottile. There were 1 FNP student, 5 Psych NP students and 3 PA
students. The ESF Haiti based members included 2 Haitian Medical Doctors and 9
The team was able to successfully support over 1,030 persons between 3 different sites in
Port-Au-Prince (175 at Camp Sineous at the AMURT primary school and 125 at
Foundation Sens Universal et Damabiah Orphanage in Delmas 48), Croix Des Bouquete
(255 day 1 and 350 day 2 and 125 day 3 at the Haitian American Caucus-HAC).
The agenda for the mission and general information on common diseases and infections
treated included disorders ranging from Chronic Hypertension, Hypertensive
Crisis/Emergency, Atrial Fibrillation, Uncontrolled Diabetes, both Insulin Dependent and
Non-Insulin Dependent, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Depression, Anxiety, Anemia,
GER, Malaria, Chronic Pain, Candida Albicans, Bacterial Vaginosis, Menorraghia,
Dysmenorrhea, Papurnia, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, UTI, Allergic Rhinitis, Intestinal
Parasites (worms), and Tinea Capitis.
In summary, team had artillery of medication at its disposal which included common
OTC like Benadryl, Tylenol, Motrin, MV (Seniors, Adults and Children), Oral
Rehydration Supplements (ORS), Zantac, Tums, Claritin and Children/Infant Tylenol.
Additionally, the team administered Anti-Hypertensive medications like Ace Inhibitors
(Lisinopril), ARBs (Losartan with K+ and/or HCTZ), HCTZ alone, and Beta Blockers
(Metoprolol). Antibiotics ranged from Flagyl, Doxycycline, Ciprofloxicin, Diflucan,
Ceftriaxione (IM), Mebendazole and Albendazole. Other inhalers, eye and ear drops were
also available. The team made every attempt to provide education, recommend non-
pharmacological alternatives and support for Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes, (TLC).
The team was also able to conduct private consultations for talk therapy and deep
breathing exercises with patients under extreme stress related to inability to eat daily,
money to live and survive, threats for safety and security along with distress about living
conditions in Haiti and minimal opportunities to work and be educated.
The interdisciplinary team did an amazing job working together and we look forward to
the next team of professionals in Haiti.
Thank you for giving us the opportunity to serve the community in such a large way.
IMPLEMENTING PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Paya Lebar Methodist Girls' Secondary School, Singapore This paper reports on how problem-based learning was incorporated into the biology curriculum in a secondary three class. The focus of the paper is on how the students generated ideas for their problems, the types of questions that they asked, and
Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology 21(1): 46–61, 2001. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc., PhiladelphiaSystemic Disease and Neuro-ophthalmology:Anthony C. Arnold, MD, and Andrew G. Lee, MDIn part I of this annual update, we review current as-Some authors have proposed the use of high-dosepects of multiple sclerosis and stroke therapy and the(e.g., 500 mg) oral MP (9), and there