Msds _14_ lithium ion

Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Lithium Ion Battery
(Series: LIC…, LIP…)
Identification of the product and of the company undertaking
Product details
3.7 V (or multiples of this in case of multi-cell configurations) Supplier details
VARTA Microbattery GmbH Daimlerstr. 1 D-73479 Ellwangen/Jagst Germany Legal Remark (U.S.A.)
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are a sub-requirement of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR Subpart 1910.1200. This Hazard Communication Standard does not apply to various subcategories including anything defined by OSHA as an "article". OSHA has defined "article" as a manufactured item other than a fluid or particle; (i) which is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture; (ii) which has end use function(s) dependent in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use; and (iii) which under normal conditions of use does not release more than very small quantities, e.g. minute or trace amounts of a hazardous chemical, and does not pose a physical hazard or health risk to employees. Because all of our batteries are defined as "articles", they are exempted from the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard. Legal remark (EU)
These batteries are no “substances” or “preparations” according to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 EC. Instead they have to be regarded as “articles”, no substances are intended to be released during handling. Therefore there is no obligation to supply a MSDS according to Regulation (EC) 1907/2006, Article 31. General remark
This “Safety Information” is provided as a service to our customers. The details presented are in accordance with our present knowledge and experiences. They are no contractual assurances of product attributes. Hazards identification
The battery is sealed hermetically. Thus, the ingredients have no hazard potential, except the battery is violated or dismantled. If in case of mistreatment the ingredients are released, a spontaneously flammable gas mixture may be released under certain circumstances (measures according to chapter 4 to 6). Attention: If batteries are treated wrong the danger of burns or bursts occurs. Batteries must not be heated above 100°C or incinerated. The battery contents must not get in contact with water. If the negative electrode gets in contact with water or humidity hydrogen gas is formed, which may inflame spontaneously. 15.01.2010
Electronically generated document - no signature required. Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Composition/information on ingredients
Hazard Symbols
R Phrases
Organic electrolyte, consisting of LiPF6 and organic carbonates Full text of Classification and R-phrases: see section 16. Heavy Metals
Mercury (none intentionally introduced, see Chapter 12) Other Ingredients
During charge process a lithium graphite intercalation phase is formed, which is highly flammable (F) and corrosive (C), but not released under the circumstances of normal usage. First-aid measures
Measures at accidental release
Remove solid particles immediately. Flush affected areas with plenty of water (at least 15 min.). Remove contaminated cloth immediately. Seek for medical assistance. Flush the eye gently with plenty of water (at least 15 min.). Seek for medical assistance. Drink plenty of water. Avoid vomiting. Seek for medical assistance. No trials for neutralization. Fire-fighting measures
Dry powder is applicable for burning lithium ion batteries. Metal fire extinction powder, rock salt or dry sand are suitable if only a few batteries are involved. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is only applicable for incipient fire. Do not use water. Contamination cloth including breathing apparatus. 15.01.2010
Electronically generated document - no signature required. Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Cells may explode and release metal parts. At contact of electrolyte with water traces of hydrofluoric acid may be formed. In this case avoid contact and take care for good ventilation. At contact of charged anode material with water extremely flammable hydrogen gas is generated. Do not let used extinguishing media penetrate into surface water or ground water. If necessary, thicken water or foam with suitable solids. Dispose off properly. Accidental release measures
Wear personal protective equipment adapted to the situation (protection gloves, face protection, breathing protection). Bind released ingredients with powder (rock salt, sand). Dispose off according to the local law and rules. Avoid leached substances to penetrate into the earth, canalization or water. If battery casing is dismantled, small amounts of electrolyte may leak. Package the battery tightly including ingredients together with lime, sand or rock salt. Then clean with water. Handling and storage
Always follow the warning information on the batteries and in the manuals of devices. Only use the recommended battery types. Keep batteries away from children. For devices to be used by children, the battery casing should be protected against unauthorized access. Unpacked batteries shall not lie about in bulk. In case of battery change always replace all batteries by new ones of identical type and brand. Do not swallow batteries. Do not throw batteries into water. Do not throw batteries into fire. Avoid deep discharge. Do not short-circuit batteries Use recommended charging time and current. Storage preferably at room temperature (approx. 20°C). Avoid large temperature changes. Do not store close to heating devices. Avoid direct sunlight. At higher temperature the electrical performance may be reduced. Preferred storage at 50% of the nominal capacity (OCV 3.7 – 3.9V or multiples of this in case of serial multi-cell configurations). Storage of unpacked batteries can cause short circuit and heat generation. If possible, store the batteries in original packaging (because of short circuit protection and exemptions according to transport regulations). A fire alarm is recommended. For automatic fire extinction consider chapter 5 “Fire fighting measures”. It is recommended to consider the “VCI Guideline for the mixed storage of chemicals” and to handle lithium ion batteries according to storage category 11 (“combustible solids“). 15.01.2010
Electronically generated document - no signature required. Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Exposure controls/personal protection
Under normal conditions (during charge and discharge) release of ingredients does not occur. In the event of release of ingredients, the following TLVs have to be considered (U.S.A.): Material
*Source: OSHA CFR 29 1910.1000 Table Z-1, 2 or 3 3-01-2007. Physical and chemical properties
Stability and reactivity
When heated above 100°C the risk of rupture occurs. Toxicological information
Under normal conditions (during charge and discharge) release of ingredients does not occur. In case of accidental release see information in chapter 2, 3, 4. Ecological information
Lithium ion batteries do not contain heavy metals as defined by the European directives 2006/66/EC Article 21. Mercury has not been “intentionally introduced (as distinguished from mercury that may be incidentally present in other materials)” in the sense of the U.S.A. “Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act’’ (May 13 1996). The Regulation on Mercury Content Limitation for Batteries promulgated on 1997-12-31 by the China authorities including the State Administration of Light Industry and the State Environmental Protection Administration defines ‘low mercury’ as ‘mercury content by weight in battery as less than 0.025%’, and ‘mercury free’ as ‘mercury content by weight in battery as less than 0.0001%’. And therefore: Varta lithium ion batteries belong to the category of mercury-free battery (mercury content lower than 0.0001%). Disposal considerations
USA: Lithium ion batteries are classified by the federal government as non-hazardous waste and are safe for disposal in the normal municipal waste stream. These batteries, however, do contain recyclable materials and are accepted for recycling by the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation's (RPBC) Battery Recycling Program. Please go to the RPRC website at for additional information. In the European Union, manufacturing, handling and disposal of batteries is regulated on the basis of the DIRECTIVE 2006/66/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC. Customers find detailed information on disposal in their specific countries using the web site of the European Portable Batteries Association ( 15.01.2010
Electronically generated document - no signature required. Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Importers and users outside EU should consider the local law and rules. In order to avoid short circuit and heating, used lithium ion batteries should never be stored or transported in bulk. Proper measures against short circuit are: Storage of batteries in original packaging Transport information
General considerations
Lithium ion batteries manufactured by VARTA Microbattery are tested according to 38.3 of the “UN Manual of Tests and Criteria” for compliance with the requirements of special provisions ADR 188, IMDG 188, DOT / 49 CFR § 173.102, and the requirements of IATA DGR packing instruction 965 Section II. Positive test results required for classification as “non-restricted” are stated in dedicated “Declarations of Conformity”. In addition, the following conditions for non-dangerous goods classification are fulfilled by our products in original VARTA packaging: The batteries have not more than 20 Watt-hours per cell / not more than 100 Watt-hours per battery. The batteries are isolated in the packaging to avoid short circuits. The packs are marked with a warning notice, that clearly states that the pack contains lithium batteries and must be quarantined, inspected and repacked if damaged. For air transport, the total mass does not exceed 10 kg per pack; for other transports 30 kg are allowed. Regulatory information
Marking consideration:
European Union: According to Directive 2006/66/EC, the batteries have to be marked with the crossed wheel bin symbol. Lithium ion batteries, which contain electronic modules (e.g. PCM) and which are subjected to the EMC directive 93/97/EEC, must be CE approved and must wear the CE marking. According to Dangerous Goods Regulations (see 14.) battery packs have to be marked with the Watt-hour rating. International safety standards:
The basis cells are approved according to UL 1642 Water hazard class:
(according to German Federal Water Management Act) non-water pollution according to VwVwS Appendix 1 (No. 1443 and 766) 15.01.2010
Electronically generated document - no signature required. Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS 2.001.014
Other information
Full text of Classification and R-phrases referred to under sections 2 and 3
R Phrases
Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect May cause sensitization by skin contact. Date of issue of the transport regulations: ADR 2009, RID 2009, IATA 2010, IMDG 2006, DOT / 49 CFR 2009. Issued by:
VARTA Microbattery GmbH Quality / Environmental Management Contact person:
Dr. Rainer Jostes Tel. +49-7961-921-680 Fax +49-7961-921-73680 E-Mail: [email protected] 15.01.2010
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