Asrp newsletter tuesday april 12, 2005

ASRP Newsletter Tuesday April 26, 2005
The Atlantic Swine Research Partnership brings this daily market report to you. To subscribe or unsubscribe to this
service please contact Dan ([email protected])
Quote of the Day:

Today’s News (Articles)
1) Distribution of the erm (B) gene, tetracycline resistance genes, and Tn1545-like transposons in macrolide- and lincosamide-
resistant enterococci from pigs and humans
2) Disease risks from foods, England and Wales, 1996-2000
3) Preslaughter handling effects on pork quality and glycolytic potential in two muscles differing in fiber type composition

-----CME HOGS----------ONTARIO HOGS (pool/pplus)--------US/CDN (NOON RATE)---------
Monday Close 70.55 | Monday Close 1.5714 | Friday 0.8102, Monday 0.8081
Prices and Volume Friday(last) Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
PEI 1.4669 (wkly) 1.4962 1.5137
NB (Larsen) 1.5666 (wkly)
NB (Quebec) 1.6814 (wkly)
NS 1.6116 (wkly)
Ontario (pool/pool+) 1.5666 (wkly) 1.5714
Standard Contract 1.5224 (wkly ending April 15th)
Quebec 1.6814 (wkly) 1.6588 1.6398
CME Constructed 69.95 70.55
CDN/US Noon rate 1.2342 1.2375
US Price in CDN$ 1.6212 1.6221 1.6123 1.6306
US Daily Volume 2005 379000 382000
US Daily Volume 2004 387000 383000
Year Sdate Edate FPrice Year Sdate Edate FPrice
2005 15-May 21-May $158.54 2005 11-Sep 17-Sep $140.55
2005 22-May 28-May $156.48 2005 18-Sep 24-Sep $141.46
2005 29-May 4-Jun $158.05 2005 25-Sep 1-Oct $140.15
2005 5-Jun 11-Jun $161.12 2005 2-Oct 8-Oct $136.51
2005 12-Jun 18-Jun $162.89 2005 9-Oct 15-Oct $135.93
2005 19-Jun 25-Jun $166.65 2005 16-Oct 22-Oct $131.30
2005 26-Jun 2-Jul $159.73 2005 23-Oct 29-Oct $124.59
2005 3-Jul 9-Jul $163.20 2005 30-Oct 5-Nov $121.78
2005 10-Jul 16-Jul $163.92 2005 6-Nov 12-Nov $123.56
2005 17-Jul 23-Jul $159.91 2005 13-Nov 19-Nov $121.35
2005 24-Jul 30-Jul $160.78 2005 20-Nov 26-Nov $124.43
2005 31-Jul 6-Aug $160.33 2005 27-Nov 3-Dec $127.97
2005 7-Aug 13-Aug $160.33 2005 4-Dec 10-Dec $125.72
2005 14-Aug 20-Aug $151.18 2005 11-Dec 17-Dec $125.72
2005 21-Aug 27-Aug $144.14 2005 18-Dec 24-Dec $112.89
2005 28-Aug 3-Sep $135.27 2005 25-Dec 31-Dec $114.16
2005 4-Sep 10-Sep $136.28 2005 1-Jan 7-Jan $118.32
US HOGS DAILY REPORT FOR Monday April 25 2005
Direct Trade: Carcass Basis: based on 185 lbs hog carcass with 0.9-1.1
inch back fat and 6 inch square loin/2.0 inch depth plant delivered.
National direct trade barrows and gilts were .86 lower with prices

ranging from 55.75-72.25, weighted average price 68.80. Iowa-Minnesota
was 1.12 lower at 56.25-71.50, weighted average price 69.52. Western
Cornbelt sold 1.03 lower at 56.25-72.25, weighted average price 69.61 and
Eastern Cornbelt was .27 lower at 55.75-70.50, weighted average price
Direct Trade: Live Basis (240-280 lbs): National direct price range
46.00-56.50, weight average 52.66. Iowa/Minnesota price range 48.00-
55.49, weighted average 52.59. Western Cornbelt price range 46.00-55.49,
weighted average 52.16. Eastern Cornbelt price range 47.33-56.50,
weighted average 52.77.
Terminal markets: Compared to Friday, barrows and gilts sold .50 to 1.00
higher at So. St. Paul 47-50 percent lean 220-270 lbs 49.50-50.50. At
Sioux Falls, barrows and gilts sold 1.50 higher with 49-51 percent lean
220-270 lbs 51.50.
HOG Slaughter under Federal Inspection
Monday (est) 382,000
Week ago (est) 382,000
Year ago (act) 383,000
CME Futures Closes for Lean Hogs:
Month Close Change Month Close Change
May 75.25 + .02 Aug 74.12 - .50
Jun 75.15 - .75 Oct 63.70 + .40
Jul 75.77 - .72 Dec 60.85 - .10

Today’s News

Distribution of the erm (B) gene, tetracycline resistance genes, and Tn1545-like
transposons in macrolide- and lincosamide-resistant enterococci from pigs and

Microb Drug Resist. 2004 Winter;10(4):341-5.
De Leener E, Martel A, Decostere A, Haesebrouck F.
Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, B-9820 Merelbeke,
Belgium. [email protected]

The distribution of the erm (B) and the tetracycline resistance genes tet(K), tet(L), tet(M), tet(O), and tet(S) was
investigated among macrolide- and lincosamide-resistant enterococci originating from humans, pigs, and pork
carcasses. The presence of transposons of the Tn916/Tn1545 family was also traced in these isolates.
Furthermore, the porcine strains were tested for the presence of glycopeptide resistance genes vanA and vanB.
The erm(B) gene was found in 85% of the porcine and in all human isolates. Ninety-eight percent of the porcine
and 89% of the human erm(B)-positive enterococci carried the tet(M) gene. Seventy-seven percent and 70%,
respectively, of these strains harbored a Tn1545-like element. Tet(L) was observed in 68% of the porcine and in
65% of the human enterococci. The other tetracycline resistance genes were very rare and the glycopeptide
resistance genes vanA and vanB were not detected among the porcine isolates. The similar frequencies of
resistance genes and the highly mobile Tn1545-like transposon among porcine and human enterococci might
indicate exchange of resistant strains or their resistance genes between humans and pigs or the existence of a
common reservoir.
Disease risks from foods, England and Wales, 1996-2000.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Mar;11(3):365-72.
Adak GK, Meakins SM, Yip H, Lopman BA, O'Brien SJ.
Environmental and Enteric Diseases Department, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency Centre for
Infections, London NW9 5EQ, UK. [email protected]

Data from population-based studies and national surveillance systems were collated and analyzed to estimate the
impact of disease and risks associated with eating different foods in England and Wales. From 1996 to 2000, an
estimated 1,724,315 cases of indigenous foodborne disease per year resulted in 21,997 hospitalizations and 687
deaths. The greatest impact on the healthcare sector arose from foodborne Campylobacter infection (160,788
primary care visits and 15,918 hospitalizations), while salmonellosis caused the most deaths (209). The most
important cause of indigenous foodborne disease was contaminated chicken (398,420 cases, risk [cases/million
servings] = 111; case-fatality rate [deaths/100,000 cases] = 35, deaths = 141). Red meat (beef, lamb, and pork)
contributed heavily to deaths, despite lower levels of risk (287,485 cases, risk = 24, case-fatality rate = 57, deaths
= 164). Reducing the impact of indigenous foodborne disease is mainly dependent on controlling the
contamination of chicken.
Preslaughter handling effects on pork quality and glycolytic potential in two muscles
differing in fiber type composition.

J Anim Sci. 2005 Apr;83(4):900-7.
Hambrecht E, Eissen JJ, Newman DJ, Smits CH, Verstegen MW, den Hartog LA.
Nutreco Swine Research Centre, Boxmeer, The Netherlands. [email protected] <[email protected]>

The objective of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of transportation, lairage, and preslaughter
stressor treatment on glycolytic potential and pork quality of the glycolytic longissimus and the oxidative
supraspinatus (SSP) or serratus ventralis (SV) muscles. In a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design, 384 pigs were assigned
randomly either to short (50 min) and smooth or long (3 h) and rough transport, long (3 h) or short (< 45 min)
lairage, and minimal or high preslaughter stress. Muscle samples were taken from the LM at 135 min and from
the SSP at 160 min postmortem for determination of the glycolytic potential and rate of glycolysis. At 23 h
postmortem, pork quality was assessed in the LM and the SV. Effects of transport and lairage conditions were
similar in both muscle types. Long transport increased (P < 0.01) the glycolytic potential and muscle lactate
concentrations compared with short transport. Both long transportation and short lairage decreased (P < 0.01)
redness (a* values) and yellowness (b*
values) of the LM and SV. In combination with short lairage, long transport decreased (P < 0.05) pork lightness
(lower L* values), and electrical conductivity was increased (P < 0.05) after long transport. Several interactions
between stress level and muscle type (P < 0.001) were observed. High preslaughter stress decreased (P < 0.001)
muscle glycogen in both the LM and SSP, but this decrease was greater in the LM. Lactate concentrations were
increased (P < 0.001) only in the LM by high preslaughter stress. Increases in ultimate pH (P < 0.001) and
decreases in a* values (P < 0.01) were greatest in the SV, whereas increases in electrical conductivity (P <
0.001) were greatest in the LM. The lack of interactions among transportation, lairage, and muscle type was
attributed to the relatively minor differences in stress among treatments. It was concluded that, in glycolytic
muscle types such as the LM, the high physical and psychological stress levels associated with stress in the
immediate preslaughter period have a greater effect on the water-holding capacity of the meat and may promote
PSE development. Conversely, oxidative muscle types tend to have higher ultimate pH values and produce DFD
pork in response to intense physical activity and/or high psychological stress levels preslaughter.


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Omeprazole is Over - Or Nearly So1 By D. Christopher Ohly Originally published on Spicy IP and July 2008 One Atlantic Center, Suite 2300 1201 West Peachtree Street Atlanta , Georgia 30309 t 404.437.7000 f 404.437.7100 225 Franklin Street, Suite 2600 Boston , MA 02110 t 617.848.5750 f 617.848.5784 6600 Sears Tower 233 South Wacker Drive Chicago ,

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