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Chapter 1 – Neuroscience: Past, Present and Future
Q1. When has the basic structure of the neuron first been described?
A) XVII century B) XVIII century C) XIX century D) XX century
Q2. Which level of analysis classifies different types of neurons?
A) molecular B) cellular C) systemic D) behavioral
Q1. In which part of the soma are proteins produced?
A) nucleus B) rough ER C) Golgi Apparatus D) smooth ER
Q2. Which site of the DNA is the coding region?
A) promoter B) intron C) terminator D) exon
Q3. Synaptical vesicles are numerous in:
A) axon hillock B) soma C) axon terminal D) dendrites
Chapter 3 – The Neuronal Membrane at Rest
A) hydrophilic head and tail B) hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail C) hydrophobic head and tail D) hydrophobic head and hydrophilic tail
A) difference in charge between cathode and anode B) difference in concentration of a cathode or anode C) ability of an electrical charge to migrate from one point to another D) inability of an electrical charge to migrate from one point to another
A) I = V/R B) I = g/R C) I = V/g D) I = VR
Q4. The Equilibrium Potential of potassium is:
A) -62 mV B) 80 mV C) -80 mV D) 62 mV
Q5. Which statement about Sodium-Potassium pumps is not correct?
A) they use energy in order to move ions against concentration forces B) they pump K inside and Na outside the cell C) they pump more Na outside than K inside the cell D) they are all correct
Q1. In the description of the AP, overshoot means:
A) inflow of positive charged ions B) inflow of negative charged ions C) reversal of the membrane resting potential D) none of them
Q2. Treshold for the rising of an AP is:
Q3. Absolute refractory period is due to:
A) inactivation of K channels B) inactivation of Na channels C) inactivation of Ca channels D) inactivation of Cl channels
Q5. Which factor does not influence conduction velocity in the axon?
A) axonal diameter B) number of voltage gated channels C) number of ion pumps D) presence of myelin
A) chemical synapses B) neuromuscular junction C) electrical synapses D) none of them
A) nucleus B) soma C) axon hillock D) axon terminal
Q3. Exocytosis is stimulated by the release of:
A) Sodium B) Potassium C) Chloride D) Calcium
Q4. Which of these neurotransmitter generates an IPSP?
A) Glutamate B) Glycine C) Acetylcholine D) Dopamine
Q5. In the NE Beta receptor example, which element is called second messenger?
A) G-protein B) Adenylyl Cyclase C) cAMP D) Protein kinase
Q1. Which of these methods is not used to study neurotransmitter:
A) Microionophoresis B) In situ hybridization C) Voxel based morphometry D) Immunocytochemistry
A) Choline B) Tyrosine C) Tryptophan D) Glutamate
A) Choline B) Tyrosine C) Tryptophan D) Glutamate
A) GABA B) Glutamate C) Serotonin D) Glycerine
A) Acetylcholine B) Glyerine C) Glutamate D) Norepinephrine
Chapter 7 – The Structure of the Nervous System
Q1. Foliate Papillae are mainly present in which part of the tongue?
Q2. The transduction of which taste is modulated by binding to and blocking of ion channels?
A) Bitterness B) Umami C) Sourness D) Saltiness
Q3. Which tastes depend on similar transductory processes?
A) Umami and Sweetness B) Umami and Bitterness C) Bitterness and Sweetness D) All of them
Q4. Which thalamic nucleus is part of gustatory pathway ?
Q5. In the olfactory system Glomeruli are localized in:
A) Olfactory receptor cells B) Olfactory nerve C) Olfactory bulb D) Olfactory epithelium
Q1. The wavelength of visible spectrum is between?
A) 200-500nm B) 300-600nm C) 400-700nm D) 300-800nm
A) Mocula B) Optic disk C) Pupil D) Fovea
Q3. Which is the site of the most refractive power?
A) Inner plexiform layer B) Outer plexiform layer C) Outer nuclear layer D) Inner nuclear layer
A) Photoreceptor that depolarize to light B) Photoreceptor that hyperpolarize to light C) Bipolar Cells that depolarize to light D) Bipolar Cells that hyperpolarize to light
Chapter 10 – The Central Visual System
Q1. The correct order of the visual pathway from radiation to cortex is?
A) Optic nerve, LGN, optic tract, optic radiation B) Optic tract, LGN, optic nerve, optic radiation C) Optic nerve, optic tract, LGN, optic radiation D) Optic nerve, optic radiation, LGN, optic tract
Q2. In the optic chiasm the information crossed comes from?
A) Left visual hemifield B) Night visual hemifield C) Temporal retina D) Nasal retina
Q3. Which layers of the LGN contain magnocellular cells?
Q4. Which layers of the visual cortex has binocular receptive fields?
Q5. Which of these areas are not part of the ventral visual stream?
A) V1 B) V2 C) V3 D) They are all part of it!
Chapter 11 – The Auditory and Vestibular Systems
A) movement of the tympani membrane B) movement of the ossicles C) contraction of the stapedius muscle D) contraction of the oval window
A) outer ear B) middle ear C) inner ear D) auditory pathway
Q3. Which membrane is deformated by the movement of the perilymph?
A) reissern B) tectorial C) basilar D) reticular
Q4. Which of these structures respond agular acceleration?
A) utricule B) saccule C) semicircular canal D) none of them
Q5. In A1 (primary auditory cortex) low to high frequency is represented:
A) from anterior to posterior B) from posterior to anterior C) from dorsal to ventral D) from ventral to dorsal
Chapter 12 – The Somatic Sensory System
Q1. Which sensory receptors have large receptive fields and slow adaption?
A) pagnian corpuscles B) ruffinis endings C) meissners cospuscles D) merkels disc
Q2. Which part of the body is wider represented in the primary sensory cortex?
Q3. In the spinal cord, where are the secondary sensory neuron localized?
A) dorsal horn B) ventral horn C) intermediate zone D) lissauer zone
Q4. Which one is the primary sensory area?
Q5. In the spinothalamic tract, the decussation of the fibres take place in:
A) medulla B) thalamus C) spinal cord D) cerebral cortex
Chapter 13 – Spinal Control of Movement
Q1. In which region of the spinal cord the lower motor neurons synapse:
a) Dorsal horn b) Intermediate zone c) Lissauer zone d) Ventral horn
a) All the muscle that are involved in performing a movement b) All the muscel innervated by an alpha neuron c) All the muscle innervate by a gamma neuron d) All the muscle fibres and the alpha neuron that innervates them
a) Myosin b) Actin c) Acethylcolin d) Troponin
Q4. The myotatic reflex is due to synapses btw:
a) Lb and alpha neuron b) La and gamma neuron c) La and the alphaneuron d) Lb and the gamma neuron
Q5. Golgi tendon organ receive information about:
a) Lenght b) Tension c) Contraction d) propioception
Chapter 14 – Spinal Control of Movement
Q1. Which of these tract is not one if the ventromedial pathway
A) tectrosminal tract B) rubrospinal tract C) vestibulospinal tract D) reticospinal tract
Q3. Which of these symptoms is not observed in parkinson disease:
A) Bradykinesia B) Tremor C) Dyskinesia D) Rigidity
A) Area 4 B) Area 6 PMA C) Area 6 SMA D) All of them
Evaluation of Current Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies Alicia Gilsenan, Elizabeth Andrews, Brian Calingaert, Debra Crozier, Abenah Vanderpuije RTI Health Solutions, RTP, NC, United States BACKGROUND OBJECTIVE CONCLUSIONS The role of the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with regard to To review characteristics of active REMS in the US for drugs with s
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